To do this, the perimeter of the greenhouse hammered pegs join their rails, which are the stack frame. Through the remaining holes are ventilation, while the glass protects eggplants from the weather. Plants cultivated in the open field, it should also cover portable shelters or greenhouse film frames. The height of this shelter is about 80 cm Shelters should protect the eggplant over the entire period vegetation. Shade should not be, because they need plenty of light. Eggplant seedlings grow much slower than the seedlings of tomato or pepper.
Therefore, they need to plant much earlier: in the early to mid-February – the plants that will be grown in greenhouses and in the early to mid-March – plants that are grown in open ground. To plant a hundred square meters, you 5 grams of seeds. Eggplants grow at temperatures in C, so the boxes with the seeded Seed is best to put on window facing south, in a warm room. Seedlings dive in Figure 4 X 5 cm or in pots. At this time the seedlings need a temperature of 18-20 C. Later, when the young plants are well rooted, they enough temperature 15-18 SS at this time you can transfer them in a warm greenhouse.
Around mid-May, seedlings ready for planting in a permanent place. The scheme of planting as in the open or in greenhouses, – 50 X 40 cm to 60 X 50 cm seedlings are transferred outdoors until May 20. Very useful promulchirovat ridge peat, decomposed manure or well other organic material suitable for this purpose. Mulching is performed immediately after planting, then eggplant abundantly watered. To get the benefits of large size, it is necessary to shorten as the main stem and side shoots. In August, the lateral shoots appear the flowers – it's time to cut the tip of the main stem, stems from the ovaries is cut above the second leaf from the ovary, non-bearing shoots are removed altogether. In eggplant – straight strong stems that do not require, unlike tomatoes, garters. Eggplant needs a lot of moisture and fertilizer. It is recommended to fertilize the plant twice the rate of 5 g of nitrogen per 1 m2. You can make more frequent feeding of liquid nitrogen. More efficient use of fertilizer for fertilizing the complex. Collection and storage of crops. The fruits of eggplant formed after 70-90 days after planting the seedlings to a permanent place. With a well developed shrub, grown under a film or a glass of fruit harvested 8.6, and sometimes more, with one hundred parts can be collected about 80-100 kg. In the open field with one plant is removed only 3-4 eggplant. Ripening eggplant depend on the weather. Usually the first crop is removed in the second half of August. Mature eggplants glossy, beautiful purple color, ripe – brownish, dull. Fruits stored in a cool, well ventilated area. The fight against diseases and pests. In wet weather eggplant may be affected phytophthora, which can completely destroy the plant. On leaves and fruits appear brown spots. Fruit rot. If a strong course of the disease killed all the plants. The only measure of protection – in the rain to cover the bed of greenhouse frames or film.