Originally, the term "rock garden" meant a botanical collection of alpine plants. Today the rock garden is called a fragment of the landscape – rock garden, rock garden, rocky hill, flat rockeries. Alpine Slide widespread in the late XIX – early XX century. Her appointment – a demonstration of the alpine flora of the highlands. Center of the rock garden is a massive stone symbolizing the mountain peak. Rock garden can be seen in the countryside residential and suburban areas of six hundred parts. Importantly, to alpine garden in a small area does not look too bulky.
On a small plot of land to build a better compact mound or flat Rocard, and in depth a large land plot will look good solid rock garden size. Developing Landscaping area, it must be remembered that a rock garden in addition to slides includes adjacent areas. Its size is directly depend on the size of the land allotment. It is very important to alpine garden organically fit into the surrounding landscape and not look like an ordinary loose stones. Construction of rock garden begins with a layout of the site. Pit formed after the removal of topsoil, fill with broken bricks, expanded clay, gravel. Basis for the high rock garden created out of barren soil. Earth poured in layers, compacted layers and fill with water to identify voids.
Basic requirements for the material used – uniformity, durability, and harmlessness. Svezhedobyty stone is valued much lower than smoothed by wind and water, covered with lichen and moss. Traditional Russian stones slides – granite, basalt, sandstone, limestone. Size and number of stones selected on the basis of the overall design of the composition. Large boulders partially absorbed in the soil, and small set directly on the ground. Composition, as typically represent an odd number of stones. In the construction of rock garden use and related materials ": large and small gravel, granite pellets, sand, peat, pine needles, pine nut shells, crushed bark. Designers offer a variety of design options alpine slides: "hillside", "Mountain Valley", "gorge", "talus", "Alpine meadow", "rocky ledges. Botanical rock garden foundation are ground cover perennials, stunted trees and shrubs, grasses, ferns, bulbs. Ornamental onion, crocus, Galanthus, stsila, species tulips adorn the gardens in the spring, dropping their leaves in early summer. In their stead come Ferns – Kostenets, puzyrnik, Woods, kocheryzhnik, mnogoryadnik. Well with the stone ground cover perennials that grow "pillows": Phlox subulate, bellflower, Arabis, travyanka cloves, grains, thyme. Rocky hill can be supplemented by plants that do not form a ground cover: tall, pechenochnitsa, Adonis, iris, anemone, primrose, sleep-grass, some types of orchids. Large-plants look good on a large hill near the pond. An important element of rock garden – low-growing shrubs, which tend to grow at the foot of hills or at the bottom of the slope. If the plants are properly selected and planted, they very quickly adapt to the new location, and some of them will bloom the same season.