Tag Archives: History

Equal History

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Following this analogy we can say that an edge is composed for the historians with its methodologies and theories, tools that they judge to qualify them to tell the past, thus constructing a direct and explicativa narrative of what it happened. The historians use of the speech giving emphasis to the reason, to the power, the conquest and the domain. Without hesitation Ebay explained all about the problem. In the opposing edge they are the literary ones of the letters that use the passions, poetical dimensions of the existence and the intuitivo in its chronic narratives of the past. Durval Muniz surprises when presenting for an alternative that is not become involved in the controversy between: historical narrative X literary narrative. Using of the metaphor of the edges, that supposedly limit and contain the river, it searchs one third edge as analysis possibility. Another edge, where the two previous ones if would find and mix its flow, suffering a purificao, a rationalization, where if it would give attention as a whole to the actions and practical human beings. In synthesis, this new edge means to think that History is not transferred only in the place of the nature, the reality, of the event, nor neither of the side of the representation, the culture, the subjectivity, the idea or the narrative. History passes between them, in the indiscernimento of the divisions, the mixture of the varied elements, hardwired and articulated for the language.

History if passes in this third edge, of devir, the flow. Equal History to a river it produces its edges. However, Durval Muniz, of the one word of caution to if covering this third edge; as historians we cannot forgetting in them our commitment with the methodical production of one to know, with the pragmatic establishment of an institucional one and must continue respecting the rules for the production of this knowledge. We must articulate these two areas of knowledge, think one with the other, without, however, open hand of the possessed scientific dimension for the historians.

The Conduct

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On the contrary, if in anyone of these cases we felt distrust, if we had fear of which do not act according to the pre-established thing, if we thought that the possibility that exists they are not sincere in which they say to us or that they do not have the intention or the capacity to fulfill the established agreements, our behavior would be remarkably different. We would take collections, we would not establish the commitment, we would move away of our friend or we would change of supplier. The mutual confidence is the emocionalidad necessary to coordinate action between Although it can be that somebody that we finished of to know inspires confidence to us, generally this to feel it arises as a result of a process of joint construction that is realised between the people, since it implies a judgment on the behavior of the other and how this behavior can affect or influence in our horizon of possibilities.

But as well as to acquire confidence we needed a time and a joint experience in which we pruned to observe and to evaluate the conduct of the person, paradoxicalally the loss of the confidence is something that happens very quickly. Aetna Inc. may not feel the same. An action that defrauds the conferred confidence, is generally reason so that we change to our attitude and our emocionalidad. There is a saying that gives account of this phenomenon and says that ” the confidence grows with the slowness of the palm and falls with the rapidity of coco”. In particular, we must be kind in our actions, to determine that as much we generated confidence in the people, who so serious we are in which we promise, we commit ourselves, how our actions have given like result that the people deposit their confidence in us. Thus, as we evaluated the behavior of others, that as much confidence have known to cause to us, what so identified we are and as their behavior inspires confidence to us. Original author and source of the article.


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Peru, in contrast of the too much South-american countries, came back to the democracy in a context of violence explosion, after the government of General Bermdez (1975? 1980). Although that in Cuba if followed the only domain of the Communist Party and in Mexico almost continued the hegemony without plea of the PRI, 1989 were marked by presidential elections in almost all the Latin American countries, even so characterized by differentiated rhythms of transistion politics. Another question that it will have great United States intervention with its relation with Latin America is concerning the drug trafficking, where this fact will be guideline of the United States external politics concerning its politics of national security, where in accordance with Ayerbe: From the republican administrations of years 80, the great change that if operates in the combat to the traffic of drugs will be the entailing of this problem with the national security, surpassing the internal scope and police of the repression, to changed itself into subject of external politics, in which the participation of the Armed Forces in operations is of the country starts to be argued. (AYERBE, 2002, P. 213) Entered the decade of 1990 the North American administrations would try to help to reconstruct the devastadas economies of Central America, but the attentions if had come back toward the nations of the old Soviet block. Intel is open to suggestions. The aid to the region, in such a way economic as to militate, fell abruptly in arrasado human scene.

For good part of America Latin, with the economic crisis of the decade of 1980, this if reflected in an increase of the poverty and magnifying of the social inaqualities. It was a very high cost in the democratic return, still more in a new international picture, in which Latin America for Washington, one more time, left to have importance. FINAL CONSIDERAES Finally, we understand the United States relations with regard to Latin America in the years Reagan, if they had always given of form, where U.S.A. had searched with such relationships to promote its politics and economy the nations of America, where ranks and taxes in practical the United States interests would be, therefore implements its politics of intervention in these countries, however financing the right dictatorships, however financing armed groups in form of engages in guerilla warfare both lined up to the United States interests, and not being basic in the process of transistion for democracy of the region, therefore, such process was much more a question of internal character economic politician and who had the crises where the region was much affected and the manifestations of the public opinion and the population, what for United States incentive during the age Reagan. Ayerbe REFERENCES, Luis Fernando. United States and Latin America: the construction of the hegemony..

Portuguese Institute

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As measures of minimizao the accomplishment of archaeological soundings was proposal, through half mechanics. The works had elapsed in the month of January of 2006, under responsibility of the signatory archaeologist of this preliminary report. Thus, sond had been opened 3 ditches of 4×2 mts (. 1, 2 and 3), having itself observed great amount of tegulae, imbrices and dolia, as well as some fragmentos of domestic ceramics of chronology coeva. Of the 3 mechanical soundings efectuadas only 2 they had disclosed archaeological context, being that one of them (sond. 2) if presented barren of occupation vestiges human being. Sounding 1 allowed to observe an archaeological level (UE 2), characterized, essentially, for fragmentos of tegulae, fragmentos of dolia and fragmentos of common ceramics. The archaeological level was observed under a layer with about 60/80 cm of estratigrfica land power, dug for the culture of eucaliptos and pines, of dark chestnut coloration, with pebbles to the mixture (UE 1).

In this UE 1 tegulae and imbrices had been observed fragmentos of. In the interface of the two UE' s was observed a small one knocks down of tegulae and some fragmentos of dolia. Later, in way best to observe archaeological level, subdivided it sond. 1, in sond. 1-A and sond. 1-B.

There they had been lowered about 30 cm of the surface layer, reaching itself a level of tegulae, completely dug. The layer is equivalent to UE 1. Of the material point-of-sight one collected tegulae and fragmentos of dolia. Sounding 2 showed barren archaeologically. Sounding only 3 disclosed to archaeological material in the cut This (fragmentos of tegulae). In such a way, and after it visits to the place for the Dr Helena Moura (Portuguese Institute of Archaeology? Extension of Pigeon house), was praised the widening of the sounding ditches; of form to more get a knowledge widened of the small farm, allowing its interpretation.

The Processes

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The author develops the studies presented above in six sub-item: 1.A ethical memory. In this topic the author comments on the development of the collective memory, being part of the daily life for the peoples without writing, citing Leroi-Gouhan and Goody. Quotation also some examples of the culture of primitive peoples and of that it forms developed a collective memory. It comments, citing Goody, that the collective memory in the societies ' ' selvagens' ' word for word is not developed, in a learning mechanics, but as one ' ' construction generativa' ' , inside of a dimension narrative and in other structures of the chronological history of the events (p.428-430). 2.O development of the memory: of the orality to the writing, of Daily pay-history to the Antiquity. In this topic the author comments the appearance of the writing, being on to the one deep transformation in the collective memory, allowing the development of two forms of memory: the first one, in commemorative monument form of a marcante event and second, the registration in rock, exciting at the time modern, a science auxiliary of history, the epigrafia (p.431). He comments the great importance of the funerary memory, as estelas sacerdotais or real Egyptians, in which &#039 exists the one presence; ' narrative histrica' ' that it functions as a mnemonic archive of the significant events of the time, as well as the importance of documents filed in the most different supports (bone, I upholster, skin, papyrus, parchment, paper, among others). with this the creation of ' ' institutions of memria' ' , as archives, libraries and museums, allowing registers of ' ' memory real' ' , where they are told made that establishes ' ' the border where the memory if becomes histria' ' (p.432-434). The author comments the occured transformation in the processes of ' ' memory artificial' ' , with the ticket of the orality to the writing and the appearance of ' ' processes mnemotcnicos' ' , allowing to the memorization word for word, that according to Goody, is about an operation effected in a certain order and that it allows ' ' descontextualizar' ' ' ' recontextualizar' ' verbal data, second one ' ' recodificao lingstica' ' (p.435-436).

Brazilian Economic

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Causing indignaopor part of the nationalists who turn its merchandises in the shelf, he entopassou to make it difficult> American importation, but soon was invited pelosAmericanos to leave poderda nation, being moved away by order of the United States. VARGAS RETURN AOpoder 1951 to 1954Para conseguiraliados, looked for to erase the image of ditadordo Been New and to construct a new figure, of democratic man. He retook duasdiretrizes the economic nationalism and the working politics. He was to precisoatacar the exploration of the international forces so that the parents conquered economic suaindependncia. He had one fight wanted between to deliver them ' ' nossopatrimnio to the foreigner and the nationalists defended. The conflict started eats exploration of the oil.

The entreguistas wanted that them they estrangeirosextrassem our oil and the Brazilian nacionalistasqueriaempresa, for issofundarama state Petrobra’s, edefendiam the slogan ' ' THE OIL IS NOSSO' ' Social Nocampo defended the rights of the worked ones wanted to construct a economic democraciasocial and where the worker had, beyond the rights politicians, odireito to enjoy doprogresso that elemesmo created with its work. In 1954, Vargas authorizeed an increase of 100% minimum nosalrio, taking care of to the proposal of the minister of the Work JOO GOULART, (serious this name), this measure provocouenorme dissatisfaction of the entrepreneurs. With this the minimum wage recuperousignificativamente its purchasing power. Beyond diversifying the produoagrcola, the government Vargas was worried in stimulating the desenvolvimentoindustrial. For this it increased the importation taxes, raising the preosdos foreign products, and diminished the taxes on the national industry, stimulating the production and the consumption of national products. Really the Brasiltomou another route, I remember this period well, my Father I lived very well in DivinPastora I had a gas station, where he passed some caminhescheio of sugar cane daily to supply the next devices. He created state-owned companies to paraatuar in the branch of siderurgiafundou Companhia Siderurgical National.

Twelve Chairs

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But most of all I Like other read: re-open the soul, to rub salt into the wounds of the soul. Of phrases like 'poison the soul. " There is in fact something profoundly soulful, in the very heart of the Russian lethality in the transfer to each other intimate anecdotes. If we could trace the historical sequence of the emergence and spread of jokes, it certainly would open up direct communication and their closeness to the great events of history. Indeed, an anecdote, detail, humorous detail accurately and unambiguously express the great events of life, unexpectedly turn inside the wrong side of great events. And yet nobody knows what will more precisely pungent paradoxical anecdote, a symbol of his time, or rigorous scientific article that gives a description of the same phenomenon. Remember the stories of recent history, say, timid signs of protest Stalin's dictatorship, the Brezhnev era of stagnation jokes, daring challenges Gorbachev era restructuring, jokes about the "new Russian" – and you will see how many historical nuances bears little decomposing virus joke … Do you feel as if disembodied anonymous microbe-anecdote, along with dissidents – fighters against the hated regime, economic performance and the laws of the market – is the main culprit for falling of entire empires, fanatical dictatorships.

It was he, laughing corroding, expanding from within the powerful ideological systems, mocking the 'eminent persons' party and the government, undermine faith in the people in the stability and strength of such a world order. After treatment, tightly laughed, exposed naked and turned inside out, no longer afraid, he simply stupid. The more twisted the nut power of censorship, the stricter punished for any expression of free thought, the angrier became the jokes, the better lay down the severity of the target. If you compare the stories, for example, Khrushchev's Thaw, who appeared at the beginning of his ascent with anecdotes of recent years of a lover of corn, then you will immediately notice the difference in tone. In the end, does not matter what outfit would be the next world moral lesson or as a heroic epic, whether as a folk song, or as epic novel. The same generation destined to cry on 'Lay', another – to translate 'Crazy Roland' third admire 'War and world ', the fourth to laugh at' Twelve Chairs ', and our generation, you only' pay out jokes. "

Fiery Serpent

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COUNTRY Da'Arias Sacred country Da'Arias (gift Aryans) was the sunken continent of North Arctic Ocean and was divided into four rivers: Rai, Tula, and SMAD h'Arra. Each clan had its own Great Race territory bounded by the rivers. All four rivers flowed into an inland sea. At sea, an island on which stood Mountain of the World (Meru). Peace on the Mount was built by the city of Asgard and Daariysky great temple.

There is a copy of the card Da'Arias, which was copied Merkaterom in 1595 from the wall of one of the pyramids at Giza. (Today, many countries wanted to possess the land of our ancestors) FACE OF THE EARTH By Rune chronicles 300,000 years ago, the appearance of the planet Earth was very different. The Sahara was the sea, Indian Ocean – land. Strait of Gibraltar was not. On the Russian Champaign, where is Moscow, was the sea. On the territory of Omsk was a large island Buyan. Sacred Land Da'Arias linked to the mainland by the Isthmus of mountain Rhipaean (Ural) mountains.

The Volga River flows into the Black Sea. Different people on the Midgard-earth inhabited by people with different skin colors and defined territory of residence. This Earthly humanity has ancestors who arrived on the Midgard-earth from a variety of heavenly palaces – Star Systems, namely: Great Race – white skin, the Great Dragon – yellow skin color, the Fiery Serpent – red skin Gloomy Heath – black color; Pekelnogo World – gray color, foreigners (Jews).