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General

Case Respondent

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A case respondent The truths are many and the quandary, in question, is as if to make justice. Forms exist to think the right, amongst them the positive law established and limited by the State and the natural law conducted by principles and values. The book the case of explorers of cave, Fuller, presents a quandary that can provide some legal quarrels, that are at the same time acceptable, of the legal point of view, and questionable for not being consensuals. The explorers had been isolated in a cave accidentally, questioning itself if they would survive inside of it per ten days. Roger Whetmore, one of the leaders of the explorers, took the initiative to contact people who were there for rescuing them.

Ahead of the lack of positioning of the people consulted for it religious, medical, authorities etc. the five explorers met unsafe and tense ahead of the possibility to survive. This generated positionings in the context that however they lived deeply, that is, had created a new rule to guarantee the supervened one of part of group in detriment of the sacrifice of one of them, with the death. A new reality is bred. The explorers had survived. However, they had been judged guilty by a court, who of form not consensual, condemned them it the death. The decision of justice is questionable for the fact of, according to Foster, the explorers to be acting under survival instinct, exactly having rationality in its action. In accordance with Foster – the first judge -, ' ' If, in the future, any group of people to find itself in the tragic situation who if had found the guilty ones, we can assuring in them that the decision of living or dying will not be controlled for the established one in our Penal&#039 Code; ' (2003, p.32).

In sight of this, the decision of justice raises another questioning, namely: justice is for the life or the death? However, the explorers had fought for the life, without questioning the used ways for such, stop later losing it. Therefore, this in them does not seem just, what it takes in them to think about the possibility to have some truths in the field of justice. Reference: FULLER, Lon L. The case of explorers of caves. So Paulo: University Ed. Jayme Albin is often quoted on this topic. of Right, 2003.

General

Darwinism

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In recent years, with new activity resumed, seemingly long gone in the history of public debate between representatives of the scientific and religious views on the origin of the world. The rapid development of physics, chemistry, Astronomy in the xix and xx centuries is not that science has brought victory in this debate, but simply put everything in its place. "God – gods, Caesar – Caesar's." Sphere of religious and scientific ways of knowing practically ceased to intersect. and This is a civilized combination of two views of the world by the beginning of the xxi century was not only characteristic of society as a whole, but also quite acceptable to many scientists. However, the emergence of new and worsening of old problems in one of the most important areas of modern science – evolutionary biology – was immediately used as a pretext for resuming debate on the origin of life.

True, the opponents of evolutionary biology, defending Biblical version of creation lump all species of living organisms, act today, not as religious preachers, but as supporters of a new scientific theory – creationism. Scientific nature of this theory is only criticism of Darwinism and its modern successor – the synthetic theory of evolution. Admittedly, this criticism is quite convincing and largely true. However, the content of the exhaust creationism Quote a number of places from the Bible and a tireless using a universal formula "is the will of the Creator, through which all problems are resolved. In this article I will analyze the really serious problems of classical the theory of evolution, and creationist arguments in favor of biblical interpretation of the origin of life.

General

Sneezes

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'God bless you! " – Tell the person who sneezed? This respect for the old etiquette. Nike has firm opinions on the matter. I wish you health sneezing was made in ancient times, when custom had good reason. In the early first millennium bc, it was circulated in Palestine. Wrote about this ancient Jewish priests and scribes, who believed that such a rule of behavior arose soon after the 'creation', when the raging some strange disease. Indeed, in those ancient times there ailment, is now virtually disappeared from the face of the earth. One of them was a 'plague' – pneumonic plague.

This terrible disease began with a light sneeze and cough, which gradually intensified. Not surprisingly, therefore, that a sneeze in public places was perceived then as an extraordinary event, attracted worldwide attention, and everyone was in a hurry to be safe, wishing health culprit general panic. Y Ancient Greeks believed that the gods, forcing people to sneeze, sending him and his fellow citizens, some signs. And just in case, not knowing exactly what the gods send, causing the sneezing, the Greeks say 'God bless you Zeus! " (Zeus Greek mythology, the supreme God, the lord of gods and men). In ancient Rome, sneezing almost always presaged joy. Believed that the small Cupid sneezes whenever to be born beautiful.

Severe Emperor Tiberius relented on the successful sneezing. He even issued a special decree, which commanded his subjects certainly welcome any sneezing man saying: 'Let this be a benefit to you! ". Linger as a specified greeting fined. If you believe the legend, Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon would be if he did not sneeze from the heart. Plutarch said that Socrates owes his wisdom, frequent sneezing, followed by his thoughts cleared. In the old Scottish parents with great attention to expect when their newborn child deigns to sneeze for the first time. Sneezing was considered a sign that the child is normal mentally. Among them, was a widespread belief that the idiots do not know how to sneeze. In certain Asian countries remained prejudice – not good sneeze. It is based on the belief that the judges in hell is written on a daily basis in his book, those who must soon die, and people at the moment feel the need to sneeze. But if you try not to sneeze, the infernal judge forgets to write in his book, someone's fate. Do not disregard the usual sneezing and 'educated' people in Africa, Australia, Polynesia, India. So, when you sneeze Hindu saying: 'Live', and he says 'with you'. Muslim sneezing praises of Allah, a resident of Samoa wants: 'Be alive'. Zulus believe that sneezing is a sign vitality of man. In Japan, believe that when a person sneezed again, it means that someone has approved, and if twice, then scolds. Nowadays, of course, everyone knows that on the wishes of 'Cheers' sneezing did not arrive and from him does not lose anything, but nevertheless the custom persists.

General

Economic Crisis

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Most problems in life, one way or another connected with his family relationships. And, unfortunately, in a difficult situation now, there are enough potential pitfalls, which can be broken ships many families. Today I'll tell you about the most terrible of them, and you really try them not "descend". The main features of the Russian family lie in the fact that: 1. The family usually is trehpokolennoy 2. Material and moral relationship of family members from one another is very high, 3. There is a fusion and confusion of family roles, indistinct separation of functions in the family. People are forced to negotiate all the time, and can not be definitively agreement.

Very often, in the Russian family is a process of substitution, when everyone in the family may be functionally and every time anyone. For example, in the family grandmother raising a child is actually functional mother of his grandson, a husband and wife share the bed, bound intimate relationship, but may be it does not relate the care and intimacy, because the husband is spiritually and emotionally closer to his mother, he first just take care of its interests. Functionally, this man is the husband of his mother and his wife's lover. The family lives mainly on her husband's money, but the family budget allocates the same grandmother, so that functionally it is the head of household, 4. Identity and sovereignty are virtually absent. The younger generation is much tighter and tougher due to the previous generation than in the West, tradition, continuity, and both expressed a state of conflict explicitly.